Chess strategies involve evaluating the development of a chess game and setting up goals, both short-term and long-term, to lead oneself to victory. When a player evaluates a board to come up with a chess strategy, he or she usually minds the value of the pieces on the board, which can be assigned to numerical values for a better understanding. In addition, the structure of the pawns on the board are also important, as well as how covered a king is, the position of key pieces, and how much control each player has of important squares on the chess board.
Chess (Western chess) is a board game that is played between two players with a chess board. The chessboard is square-shaped and contains 64 squares arranged on an 8 by 8 grid. Each player during a chess match starts with sixteen different pieces. Each player has one king and queen, two rooks, knights, and bishops, and eight pawns. Every unique piece on a chess board has unique ways of traveling up and down the chessboard. Both player in a game of chess has the goal of using the pieces to checkmate the opponent’s king. This means that the king is under attack, and there is no possible move that will deem the king safe from the attack. If a king is in check, it means it is being attacked, but there is a move that will keep it safe, either by moving the king or another piece to block the attack.
In order to achieve the goal of capturing a king, a chess strategy must be developed, usually done after evaluating the situation of each player. The main way to decide the position of each player is to determine the total point value of each player’s pieces. Generally, pawns are designated as 1 point, bishops and knights 3 points, rooks 5 points, queens are 9 points, and kings are infinite since their fate determines the game. During the endgame of chess, however, they have a fighting value of 4 points (the end game is the point in which there are few moves left to be made before the end of the chess game). The point value of the pieces may be modified, depending on their position and how effective they are in that position and how valuable they are in conjunction with nearby pieces. For example, a bishop pair coordinate well with each other.
An evaluation of a player’s position for a chess strategy will also be influenced by the “pawn skeleton”. This is the position of the pawns that a player has set up. Since pawn pieces are considered to be the weakest pieces with very limited moves, the pawn patterns that are established are relatively static, but crucial towards winning a chess match. There are several pawn skeleton patterns that can expose a weakness in a player’s defense, such as doubled pawns, isolated pawns, and backward pawns.